How Gum Disease Causes Tooth Loss

Sep 16, 2016 @ 05:38 PM — by belldental

Stages of gum diseaseHere at Bell Dental, we always put our patients first. We tailor all treatments to their needs and consider proper prevention and at-home care at each visit. This patient-focused approach to restorative dentistry is what has made us one of the leading dental care practices in the Lake Jackson area.

This patient-focused dental care is really important when it comes to dealing with the health of the gum. Gum disease (periodontal disease) is so common and affects to many people. If it isn't treated properly, gum disease can cause tooth loss.

About Gum Disease

Gum disease refers to the infection of the gum tissue caused by the oral bacteria that naturally occurs in the mouth. This oral bacteria is also responsible for bad breath and tooth decay. It's been estimated that 47 percent of adults in the United States older than 30 suffer from some degree of gum disease.

Stages of Gum Disease

There are three stages of gum disease, listed below from least severe to most severe:

  • Gingivitis
  • Periodontitis
  • Advanced periodontitis

In later stages of gum disease, serious health issues can occur, including loose teeth, changes in tooth alignment and spacing, and eventual tooth loss.

Gum Recession

Gum recession occurs when the tissue of the gumline peels back, revealing more of the root structure of a tooth in the process. In cases of severe gum recession, the root is exposed and the overall stability of the tooth is compromised.

Tooth Decay Below the Gumline

When the gum reveal more of the root structure of a tooth, it is possible for tooth decay to affect a tooth where it is extremely weak. Tooth decay along the gumline can lead to major cases of decay and damage, weakening teeth and making them more susceptible to falling out.

Root Canal Infections

Root canal infections occur when oral bacteria is able to reach the interior pulp chamber of a tooth. This leads to inflammation of the dental pulp inside of a tooth, which can be very painful. If the tooth cannot be saved through endodontic therapy, extraction is often necessary. Tooth decay coupled with periodontal disease and gum recession are a dangerous recipe for a root canal infection.

Treating Gum Disease and Recession

When it comes to treating gum disease, the primary concern is getting the infection under control. This typically involves the use of antiseptic rinses and antibiotic medications.

To address gum recession, the ideal option is gum augmentation. This grafting procedure rebuilds the gumline using donor soft tissue from the patient's palate or artificial soft tissue grafts.

Treatments for Missing Teeth

If you are missing a tooth or a few teeth, do not worry. There are many different options to consider, such as dental bridges, partial dentures, or full dentures. Dental implants may also be considered for your needs. This involve oral surgery to surgically embed artificial tooth roots into the jawbone and gum tissue.

How to Prevent Gum Disease

The best way to prevent gum disease is to practice proper oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day, floss every night, avoid tobacco products, and visit your dentist twice a year for checkups. These simple tips can help prevent gum disease and also avoid issues with tooth decay.

Learn More About Periodontal Disease

For more information about your treatment options and how we can help you smile with renewed health and confidence, be sure to contact our cosmetic and restorative dentistry center today. The team at Bell Dental is here for you and your family.

Comments (0)

Public comments are closed.